ASCIA Dietary avoidance - egg

Dietary guideThe  ASCIA diet sheet – general information should be printed in conjunction with the ASCIA diet sheets for cow’s milk protein (dairy), egg and soy allergy.

pdfASCIA PCC Dietary Avoidance FAQ 2021227.27 KB 

pdfASCIA PCC Dietary avoidance egg 2020134.27 KB

Egg allergy is a common food allergy and eggs can be found in a wide range of foods. Avoiding whole egg, raw egg and egg-containing foods is essential for people with confirmed egg allergy. Therefore, it is important to read and understand food labels to be able to choose appropriate foods, and be aware that egg is used as a binder or thickener in many prepared foods. While some children will tolerate some egg baked into cake and biscuits, this should only be tried with specialist medical advice. Uncooked eggs and egg cartons should be kept well out of reach from young children with egg allergy.

Dietary avoidance should only be undertaken if there is a medically confirmed food allergy.

The following foods and ingredients CONTAIN egg and should be avoided:

Albumen or albumin

Globulin

Ovomucin

Apovitelin

Imitation egg product

Ovomucoid

Avidin

Livetin

Ovovitelin

Dried egg

Lysozyme

Silici albuminate

Flavoproteins

Ovalbumin

Simplesse

Check ALL food labels, regardless of the product. MOST deserts will contain egg. The foods below contain, or are likely to contain egg and should be avoided unless otherwise labelled:

Alcoholic cocktails (e.g. sour)

Fried rice

Pancakes, pikelets

Breads, breaded foods, naan bread

Frittata

Pasta

Cakes/cake mixes

Fritters

Pastries (e.g. chocolate eclairs, cream puffs, tarts, pies)

Cake decorations

Health drinks

Pavlova

Chocolate soft centres

Ice cream, frozen desserts

Pie filling

Confectionary/lollies/caramel

Icings

Pizza bases

Creamy salad dressings

Lemon butter

Powdered egg

Croissants

Malted chocolate drinks

Prepared meats (e.g. schnitzel)

Crumbed foods

Mayonnaise on salad

Prepared soups, consommés

Custards

Meringue

Processed meats (e.g. rissoles)

Dessert mixes

Meringue mix

Quiche

Dips

Milk puddings, puddings

Sauces (e.g. hollandaise)

Dressings

Mock or butter cream

Shiny glaze on baked goods

Egg (white or yolk)

Mocktails

Soufflé

Egg noodles

Mousse

Sushi (tuna, crab or mayonnaise)

Egg nog

Muffins

Tarts and pastries

Egg solids

Nougat

Vegetarian meat substitutes

French toast

Omelette

Waffles

Egg alternative/substitutes

It is possible to make cakes and muffins without egg by adapting recipes you use at home.

The texture of the product may be a little different, but they will taste similar.

Summary of substitutes for one egg

For baking (cakes and biscuits):

For binding:

1 tsp egg replacer + 2 tbsp water

¼ cup mashed potato or pumpkin

1 tsp baking soda + 1 tbsp water + 1 tbsp vinegar

½ cup mashed banana or pureed apple

1½ tbsp water + 1½ tbsp oil + 1 tsp baking powder

1½ tbsp ground flaxseed mixed with 3 tbsp warm water (let stand for a few minutes)  

1½ tbsp ground flaxseed mixed with 3 tbsp warm water (let stand for a few minutes)

*Aquafaba – 3 tbsp liquid from canned chick peas with ½ tsp cream of tartar mixed with hand mixer to make meringue

*Aquafaba – 3 tbsp liquid from canned chick peas with ½ tsp cream of tartar mixed with hand mixer to make meringue

1 tbsp chia seeds, grind then mix with 3 tbsp water (let stand for a few minutes)

1 tbsp chia seeds, grind then mix with 3 tbsp water (let stand a for few minutes)

*Aquafaba is the viscous water in which legume seeds such as chickpeas have been cooked, which can be used as a  replacement for egg whites.

Commercial egg substitutes

Commercial egg substitutes can be used in cakes and biscuits, pancakes and fritters but will not make scrambled eggs or meringues. These products contain potato, tapioca starch and vegetable gums.

Care of children with egg allergy

Parents of a child with egg allergy should only give foods containing baked egg to their child when they are under their supervision.

Parents should not expect early childhood education/care (ECEC) staff to give foods containing baked egg to their child with an egg allergy when they are at ECEC services.

Note:

  • Egg is sometimes used for fining wine but is considered to pose a very low risk of triggering allergic reactions. Discuss this with your allergy specialist if you are concerned.
  • Lecithin (additive 322) is commercially isolated, mainly from soybeans or egg yolk. Egg lecithin is tolerated by most people with egg allergy (and soy allergy).

© ASCIA 2020

ASCIA is the peak professional body of clinical immunology/allergy specialists in Australia and New Zealand.

ASCIA resources are based on published literature and expert review, but are not intended to replace medical advice. The content of ASCIA resources is not influenced by any commercial organisations.

For more information go to www.allergy.org.au

To donate to allergy and immunology research go to www.allergyimmunology.org.au

Updated October 2022

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