ASCIA First Aid Plan for Anaphylaxis Pictorial
Anaphylaxis is the most severe type of allergic reaction and should always be treated as a medical emergency. Anaphylaxis requires immediate treatment with adrenaline (epinephrine), which is injected into the outer mid-thigh muscle. If treatment with adrenaline is delayed, this can result in fatal anaphylaxis.
MILD TO MODERATE ALLERGIC REACTIONS
- Stay with person, call for help
- Locate adrenaline injector
- Phone family/emergency contact
- Insect allergy - flick out sting if visible
- Tick allergy - seek medical help or freeze tick and allow to drop off
Mild to moderate allergic reactions may not always occur before anaphylaxis
Adrenaline injectors doses are:
Instructions are on device labels.
ALWAYS give adrenaline injector FIRST, if someone has SEVERE AND SUDDEN BREATHING DIFFICULTY (including wheeze, persistent cough or hoarse voice), even if there are no skin symptoms. THEN SEEK MEDICAL HELP.
If adrenaline is accidentally injected, phone your local poisons information centre. Continue to follow this plan for the person with the allergic reaction.
© ASCIA 2023
This pictorial poster has been developed in response to requests for a more visual version of the ASCIA First Aid Plan for Anaphylaxis, which can also assist people with limited reading ability. The plan is best viewed when printed as an A3 poster which can be displayed in schools, children’s education/care (CEC) services and other community settings. It includes infographics showing:
- Signs of mild, moderate and severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis); and
- Actions for anaphylaxis.
Development of this poster was supported by ASCIA and the NSW Anaphylaxis Education Program (NSWAEP), as part of the Sydney Children's Hospitals Network (SCHN).
ASCIA Action Plans for First Aid - Quick links